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Lactacystin (native)

Proteasome inhibitor
ALX-350-245-MC01 0.1 mg 132.00 USD
ALX-350-245-M001 1 mg 837.00 USD
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Cell permeable and irreversible proteasome inhibitor. Specifically inhibits 26S proteasome (MCP; multicatalytic proteinase complex). Blocks proteasome activity by targeting the catalytic β-subunit. Has no effect on serine or cysteine proteases. Induces apoptosis in human monoblast U937 cells. Also inhibits NF-κB activation by inhibiting IκB degradation. Inhibits the ubiquitin proteasome pathway in cell culture (IC50=10µM). Inhibits cathepsin A. Upregulates HSP70 and HSP22, suggesting an initial neuroprotective pathway.

Product Details

Source:Isolated from Streptomyces lactacystinaeus
Purity:≥95% (HPLC)
Appearance:White to off-white powder.
Solubility:Soluble in acetonitrile (20mg/ml), 100% ethanol (1mg/ml), methanol, DMSO (20mg/ml), dimethyl formamide (20mg/ml) or water (5mg/ml).
Long Term Storage:-20°C
Use/Stability:Organic stock solutions are stable for 3 months when stored at -20°C. Subject to hydrolysis in aqueous buffers. We do not recommend storing the aqueous solutions for more than one day.
Handling:Protect from light.
Regulatory Status:RUO - Research Use Only
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Product Literature References

Proteasome inhibition by lactacystin in primary neuronal cells induces both potentially neuroprotective and pro-apoptotic transcriptional responses: a microarray analysis: E.H. Yew, et al.; J. Neurochem. 94, 943 (2005), Abstract;
Lactacystin inhibits cathepsin A activity in melanoma cell lines: L. Kozlowski, et al.; Tumour Biol. 22, 211 (2001), Abstract;
Lactacystin, a proteasome inhibitor: discovery and its application in cell biology: H. Tomoda & S. Omura; Yakugaku Zasshi 120, 935 (2000), Review, Abstract;
Lactacystin, proteasome function, and cell fate: G. Fenteany & S.L. Schreiber; J. Biol. Chem. 273, 8545 (1998), (Review), Abstract; Full Text
Proteasome inhibitors prevent the degradation of familial Alzheimer's disease-linked presenilin 1 and potentiate A beta 42 recovery from human cells: P. Marambaud, et al.; Mol. Med. 4, 147 (1998), Abstract;
The proteasome inhibitor lactacystin induces apoptosis and sensitizes chemo- and radioresistant human chronic lymphocytic leukaemia lymphocytes to TNF-alpha-initiated apoptosis: J. Delic, et al.; Br. J. Cancer 77, 1103 (1998), Abstract;
The role of proteolysis during differentiation of Trypanosoma brucei from the bloodstream to the procyclic form: M.C. Mutomba & C.C. Wang; Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 93, 11 (1998), Abstract;
Accelerated degradation of PML-retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML-RARA) oncoprotein by all-trans-retinoic acid in acute promyelocytic leukemia: possible role of the proteasome pathway: H. Yoshida, et al.; Cancer Res. 56, 2945 (1996), Abstract;
Degradation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase in endoplasmic reticulum membranes is accelerated as a result of increased susceptibility to proteolysis: T.P. McGee, et al.; J. Biol. Chem. 271, 25630 (1996), Abstract; Full Text
Degradation of a mutant secretory protein, alpha1-antitrypsin Z, in the endoplasmic reticulum requires proteasome activity: D. Qu, et al.; J. Biol. Chem. 271, 22791 (1996), Abstract; Full Text
Enhancement of CPP32-like activity in the TNF-treated U937 cells by the proteasome inhibitors: E. Fujita, et al.; BBRC 224, 74 (1996), Abstract;
Lactacystin increases LDL receptor level on HepG2 cells: H. Miura, et al.; BBRC 227, 684 (1996), Abstract;
Lactacystin, an inhibitor of the proteasome, blocks the degradation of a mutant precursor of glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked protein in a pre-Golgi compartment: K. Oda, et al.; BBRC 219, 800 (1996), Abstract;
Proteasome pathway operates for the degradation of ornithine decarboxylase in intact cells: Y. Murakami, et al.; Biochem. J. 317, 77 (1996), Abstract; Full Text
Proteasome-dependent regulation of p21WAF1/CIP1 expression: M.V. Blagosklonny, et al.; BBRC 227, 564 (1996), Abstract;
Degradation process of ligand-stimulated platelet-derived growth factor beta-receptor involves ubiquitin-proteasome proteolytic pathway: S. Mori, et al.; J. Biol. Chem. 270, 29447 (1995), Abstract; Full Text
Inhibition of proteasome activities and subunit-specific amino-terminal threonine modification by lactacystin: G. Fenteany, et al.; Science 268, 726 (1995), Abstract;
Lactacystin, a specific inhibitor of the proteasome, induces apoptosis in human monoblast U937 cells: S. Imajo-Ohmi, et al.; BBRC 217, 1070 (1995), Abstract;
Neuronal differentiation of Neuro 2a cells by lactacystin and its partial inhibition by the protein phosphatase inhibitors calyculin A and okadaic acid: H. Tanaka, et al.; BBRC 216, 291 (1995), Abstract;
Structure-activity relationships of lactacystin, the first non-protein neurotrophic factor: T. Nagamitsu, et al.; J. Antibiot. (Tokyo) 48, 747 (1995), Abstract;
The neuritogenesis inducer lactacystin arrests cell cycle at both G0/G1 and G2 phases in neuro 2a cells: M. Katagiri, et al.; J. Antibiot. (Tokyo) 48, 344 (1995), Abstract;
A beta-lactone related to lactacystin induces neurite outgrowth in a neuroblastoma cell line and inhibits cell cycle progression in an osteosarcoma cell line: G. Fenteany, et al.; PNAS 91, 3358 (1994), Abstract;
Lactacystin, a novel microbial metabolite, induces neuritogenesis of neuroblastoma cells: S. Omura, et al.; J. Antibiot. 44, 116 (1991), Abstract;

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