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Ubiquitin activating enzyme E1 (human), (recombinant) (His-tag)

Essential ubiquitinylation pathway enzyme.
 
BML-UW9410-0050 50 µg 182.00 USD
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Ubiquitin activating enzyme E1 is responsible for the first step in ubiquitin-protein isopeptide bond formation and is a critical component for the initiation of in vitro conjugation reactions. E1 activates ubiquitin by first adenylating with ATP the C-terminal glycine carboxyl group of ubiquitin and, thereafter, linking this residue to the sulphydryl side chain moiety of a cysteine residue in E1 by forming a high energy thiol ester bond and liberating free AMP. There are two active sites within the E1 molecule allowing it to accommodate two ubiquitin molecules at one time, with a new ubiquitin forming an adenylate intermediate as the previous one is transferred to the thiol site. The activated ubiquitin is then transferred to the lysine of target proteins via the E2/E3 conjugation cascade.

Product Specification

MW:118 kDa
 
Source:Produced in E. coli BL21 (λDE3) expression system and containing a C-terminal His6-tag. Full length human ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1.
 
UniProt ID:P22314
 
Formulation:In 50mM TRIS-hydrochloric acid, containing 1.0mM dithiothreitol.
 
Purity:≥90% (SDS-PAGE)
 
Purity Detail:Purified by multi-step chromatography.
 
Shipping:Shipped on Dry Ice
 
Long Term Storage:-80°C
 
Handling:Avoid freeze/thaw cycles.
 
Scientific Background:Results demonstrate the formation of ubiquitin thioester linked E2 conjugates of the expected size in all TE +ve control reactions. The absence of such conjugates in TE –ve control reactions demonstrates that their formation is ATP dependent (required for E1 activation) and hence derived from the ubiquitin cascade.
 
bml-uw9410

Figure A: Product purity determined by Coomassie staining following SDS-PAGE

Figure B: Western Blot of thioester assays (TE +ve/-ve controls) for E2 conjugating enzymes. Biotinylated-ubiquitin-enzyme conjugates were detected by western blotting on thioester assays containing: A: UbcH2 (Prod. No. BML-KW9025), B: UbcH8 (KW9135), respectively, using Streptavidin-HRP detection system. M: Biotinylated SDS molecular weight markers (Sigma, SDS-6B) from bottom: 20.1, 29.0, 39.8, 58.1kDa.

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Product Literature References

F-box protein Fbxl18 mediates polyubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of the pro-apoptotic SCF subunit Fbxl7: Y. Liu, et al.; Cell Death Dis. 6, e1630 (2015), Application(s): Assay, Abstract; Full Text
Pro-apoptotic F-box protein Fbxl7 regulates mitochondrial function by mediating the ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of survivin: Y. Liu, et al.; J. Biol. Chem. 290, 11843 (2015), Application(s): Assay, Abstract; Full Text
UBXN2A regulates nicotinic receptor degradation by modulating the E3 ligase activity of CHIP: Y. Teng, et al.; Biochem. Pharmacol. 97, 518 (2015), Application(s): Western Blot, Abstract;
Ubiquitin-activating enzyme. Mechanism and role in protein-ubiquitin conjugation: A. L. Haas, et al.; J. Biol. Chem. 257, 2543 (1982), Abstract;
Activation of the heat-stable polypeptide of the ATP-dependent proteolytic system: A. L. Cienchanover; PNAS 78, 761 (1981), Abstract;

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