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United States 

Perforin (human)

 
ALX-200-604-C001 1 µg 545.00 USD
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Replaces Prod. #: ALX-200-604/1

Product Specification

Alternative Name:Lymphocyte pore forming protein, PFP, Cytolysin
 
MW:~70kDa
 
Source:Human cytotoxic granules of YT cells.
 
UniProt ID:P14222
 
Formulation:Liquid. In ~150mM NaCl containing stabilizer.
 
Purity Detail:Purified by solubilization in 1M sodium chloride (sodium acetate buffer) followed by hydrophobic interaction chromatography.
 
Specific Activity:50-150PU (permeabilizing units) (Jurkat)/µg protein. One PU is defined as the amount of perforin (ng) that produces 50% PI-positive cells in the sample.
 
Shipping:Shipped on Dry Ice
 
Long Term Storage:-80°C
 
Use/Stability:The stock solution may be diluted 10-fold with the provided dilution buffer. Prepare aliquots and store at -80°C. Diluted aliquots tolerate two freeze-thaw cycles and are stable for up to 3 months when stored at -80°C and for ~12 hours when stored at +4°C.
 
Handling:For maximum product recovery after thawing, centrifuge the vial before opening the cap. Avoid freeze/thaw cycles.
 
Technical Info/Product Notes:General Note: Both primary and transformed lines are permeabilized by the perforin, but the concentration required to produce 50% permeabilized cells varies substantially according to cell type (e.g. lymphoid, epithelial, mesenchymal), sensitivity of the cell line and whether cells are suspended or adherent. Generally, consumption of perforin is greater in the testing of adherent cells due to non-specific binding of the pore-forming protein to the microwells. Perforin should be pre-titrated against the desired cell line to identify the minimal permeabilizing concentration for protein delivery (see below). This concentration will allow effective delivery of the protein without producing excessive background necrosis and represent the nanograms that achieve less than 10-20% permeabilization of the target cell in question.

Supplied with Perforin Dilution Buffer (1ml).
 
Protocol:Protocol for Intracellular Perforin Mediated Protein Delivery

a. Materials Needed:
- Microfuge tubes (1.5ml)
- Calcium stock solution: 100mM CaCl2 in water.
- Ca2+-HEPES buffer: 20mM HEPES containing 150mM NaCl and 2.5mM CaCl2, pH 7.4
- BSA-HEPES buffer: 1% BSA solubilized in HEPES buffer (without Ca2+).
- Fatty acid-free BSA.
- Perforin Dilution Buffer (included).

b. Pre-titration of PFN against Desired Cells:
Immediately before the planned experiment, perforin should be titrated to identify concentration that minimally permeabilizes targets. Incubate desired cells with increasing concentrations of perforin for 15 min., then determine percentage of cells that have undergone permeabilization by Trypan Blue or Propidium Iodide stain.
1) Wash cells twice in Ca2+-HEPES buffer to remove serum from cell mixture and re-suspend at density of 1x106 per 50µl in same buffer.
2) For each sample, dilute perforin to twice the desired final concentration in 50µl of HEPES/1% BSA buffer to microfuge tubes.
3) Add 50µl of media control or dilute perforin to 50µl of cells in microfuge tubes.
4) Incubate at 37°C for 15 min.; periodic mixing is not required.
5) Perform readout to assess permeabilization.

c. Experimental Protocol:
1) Wash cells twice in Ca2+-HEPES buffer to remove serum from cell mixture and re-suspend at density of 1x106 per 50µl in same buffer.
2) Add Granzyme B (Prod. No. ALX-200-602) (1µg/ml); generally 1-2µl of stock is sufficient.
3) For desired samples, dilute perforin to twice the desired final concentration in 50µl of HEPES/1% BSA buffer to microfuge tubes.
4) Add 50µl of media control or dilute perforin to 50µl of cells in microfuge tubes.
5) Incubate at 37°C for desired time; periodic mixing is not required.
6) After incubation perform readout to assess permeabilization.

 

Product Literature References

Granzyme M targets topoisomerase II alpha to trigger cell cycle arrest and caspase-dependent apoptosis: S.A. de Poot, et al.; Cell Death Differ. 21, 416 (2014), Application(s): Facilitates entry of granzymes into the target cell, Abstract; Full Text
Proteolysis of HIP during apoptosis occurs within a region similar to the BID loop: J.A. Caruso, et al.; Apoptosis 11, 1877 (2006), Abstract;
Granzyme B binds to target cells mostly by charge and must be added at the same time as perforin to trigger apoptosis: L. Shi, et al.; J. Immunol. 174, 5456 (2005), Abstract;

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Granzyme B (human lymphocytes) 

Isolated from YT NK cell line using described methods. Active enzyme. | Print as PDF
 
ALX-200-602-C010 10 µg 644.00 USD
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